Types of Flap Surgery:
Local Flaps: By removing tissue from the surrounding area of the afflicted area, these flaps are made. Small defects are frequently repaired with local flaps because they cause the least amount of tissue damage.
Regional Flaps: Regional flaps include moving tissue from an adjacent body part to the injured area. They are a dependable source of healthy tissue and perfect for medium-sized deformities.
Free Flaps: In free flap surgery, tissue is taken from one area of the body, its blood supply is cut off, and then it is reconnected at the recipient site. This method, which is frequently employed for larger abnormalities, calls for careful microsurgical expertise.
Muscle Flaps: As the name implies muscle flaps utilise muscle tissue and its blood supply to repair damage. These flaps are especially helpful when reconstructing muscles that need to be functioning.
Perforator Flaps: Small blood arteries called perforators are used by perforator flaps to supply the tissue at the recipient site. Reduced donor site morbidity is related to these flaps.
Reasons to Perform a Flap Surgery :
Wound Healing: Flap surgery can help promote healing and stop infection in chronic wounds ulcers and pressure sores that do not respond to traditional therapies.